vi-śea [L=200604]
(once in Pan5cat. n. ; ifc. f(ā).) distinction , difference between (two gen. , two loc. , or gen. and instr.) Gr2S3rS. MBh. &c

Mn. MBh. &c

e.g. vka-v° , a species of tree , in comp. often also = special , peculiar , particular , different , e.g. chando-v° , " a particular metre " , viśea-maṇḍana , " a peculiar ornament " ; argha-viśeā , " different prices ") MBh. Ka1v. &c

pl.) various objects Megh.
990,3] [p= 990,2] [L=200608]
comp. often = excellent , superior , choice , distinguished e.g. ākti-v° , " an excellent form " ; cf. viśea-pratipatti) Mn. MBh. &c

cf. vi-śeaka and vi-śeaa)

phil.) particularity , individuality , essential difference or individual essence (with the vaiśeikas the 5th cate gory or padā*rtha , belonging to the 9 eternal substances or dravyas , viz. soul , time , place , ether , and the 5 atoms of earth , water , light , air , and mind , which are said to be so essentially different that one can never be the other) IW. 66 &c


rhet.) statement of difference or distinction , individualization , variation Kuval. (cf. viśeo*kti)

= tilaka) L.

geom.) the hypotenuse S3ulbas.

of the primary elements or mahā-bhūtas (q.v.) MaitrUp.



virāj ib.
vi-śea [L=200620]
(ā)n. extraordinary , abundant Ragh. ii , 14 (B. viśeāt for viśeā)
vi-śea [p= 991,3] [L=200836]
» [p= 990,2].
(H2) m.
[L=200605]characteristic difference , peculiar mark , special property , speciality , peculiarity
[L=200606]a kind , species , individual (
[p= distinction , peculiar merit , excellence , superiority (in
[L=200609](in gram.) a word which defines or limits the meaning of another word (
[L=200611](in medicine) a favourable turn or crisis of a sickness
[L=200613]a sectarian mark , any mark on the forehead (
[L=200616]the earth as an element
[L=200617]the mundane egg
(H2B) mf
(H1) &c

See also:

1 ativivṛt (distinction)
2 apariccheda (distinction)
3 abhivyakti (distinction)
4 abheda (distinction)
5 abhedaka (distinction)
6 araṇi (distinction)
7 arthabheda (distinction)
8 avaccheda (distinction)
9 avibhāga (distinction)
10 avibhāgena (distinction)
11 avibhāgavid (distinction)
12 aviveka (distinction)
13 aviśeṣa (distinction)
14 aviśeṣāt (distinction)
15 aviśeṣeṇa (distinction)
16 upalakṣa (distinction)
17 karta (distinction)
18 jātitā (distinction)
19 jātilakṣaṇa (distinction)
20 jñānāgni (distinction)
21 tilaka (distinction)
22 triguṇākarṇa (distinction)
23 nirviśeṣa (distinction)
24 niṣprakāraka (distinction)
25 pakṣabheda (distinction)
26 paryāpti (distinction)
27 puraskāra (distinction)
28 pūjāvat (distinction)
29 pravicāra (distinction)
30 bhaga (distinction)
31 bhid (distinction)
32 bhidā (distinction)
33 bheda (distinction)
34 bhedabuddhi (distinction)
35 bhedin (distinction)
36 varṇaviveka (distinction)
37 vi (distinction)
38 vicchāya (distinction)
39 vikalpa (distinction)
40 vikalpana (distinction)
41 vicāraṇā (distinction)
42 viccheda (distinction)
43 vibhakti (distinction)
44 vibhajana (distinction)
45 vibhāga (distinction)
46 vibhāgatva (distinction)
47 vibhājana (distinction)
48 vibheda (distinction)
49 viviktatā (distinction)
50 viveka (distinction)
51 vivecana (distinction)
52 viśālatā (distinction)
53 viśiṣṭatā (distinction)
54 viśiṣṭatva (distinction)
55 viśeṣa (distinction)
56 viśeṣakṛt (distinction)
57 viśeṣatva (distinction)
58 viśeṣārtha (distinction)
59 viśeṣārthin (distinction)
60 viśeṣaka (distinction)
61 viśeṣaṇa (distinction)
62 vaiśiṣṭa (distinction)
63 vaiśiṣṭya (distinction)
64 vaiśeṣika (distinction)
65 vaiśeṣya (distinction)
66 vyantara (distinction)
67 vyatiriktatā (distinction)
68 vyatiriktatva (distinction)
69 vyatireka (distinction)
70 vyavaccheda (distinction)
71 vyavasthitavasthiti (distinction)
72 vyākaraṇa (distinction)
73 vyākṛti (distinction)
74 vyāvṛt (distinction)
75 vyāvṛtti (distinction)
76 śabdabheda (distinction)
77 śrīkaraṇa (distinction)
78 śrīkāma (distinction)
79 śreman (distinction)
80 bhidākara (distinction)


(H1) ati-vi- √ vṛt [p= 15,2] [L=3192] Caus. -vartayati , to separate too far , to make too great distinction between RV. Pra1t.

(H2) a-pariccheda [p= 51,1] [L=9555] m. want of distinction or division
[p= 51,2] [L=9556] want of discrimination S3a1k. , want of judgement , continuance.

(H2) abhi-vyakti [p= 70,1] [L=12434] f. manifestation , distinction Pa1n2. 8-1 , 15 Sa1h. &c

(H1) a-bheda [p= 75,1] [L=13121] m. non-fracture , compactness , closeness of array RPra1t. &c
[L=13122] absence of difference or distinction , identity
(H1B) a-bheda [L=13123] mfn. not different , identical VP.

(H2) a-bhedaka [L=13124] mfn. not dividing , not causing any distinction Pat.

(H2) aráṇi 1 [p= 86,2] [L=15052] f. " being fitted into " or " turning round " , the piece of wood (taken from the Ficus Religiosa or Premna Spinosa) used for kindling fire by attrition RV. &c (generally distinction is made between the lower one and the upper one , adharā*raṇí and uttarā*raṇi , the former may also be meant by araṇi alone without adhara)
[L=15053] (figuratively) a mother Hariv. (cf. pāṇḍávā*raṇi and surā*raṇi)
(H2B) aráṇi 1 [L=15054] m. the plant Premna Spinosa L.
(H2B) aráṇi 1 [L=15054.1] m. the sun L.
(H1) á-raṇi 2 [p= 86,3] [L=15060] f. discomfort , pain AV. i , 18 , 2.
(H2) áraṇi [p= 1316,1] [L=313620] (accord. to some, "uncouthness" [ Sa1y. reads araṇīm], AV. i, 18, 2).

(H3) ártha--bheda [p= 91,1] [L=15938] m. distinction or difference of meaning.

(H2) ava-ccheda [p= 98,2] [L=17242] m. anything cut off (as from clothes) A1s3vS3r.
[L=17243] part , portion (as of a recitation) ib.
[L=17244] separation , discrimination
[L=17245] (in logic) distinction , particularising , determining
[L=17246] a predicate (the property of a thing by which it is distinguished from everything else).

(H2) a-vibhāga [p= 109,2] [L=18915] m. no separation , no distinction between (gen.) Pa1n2. 1-2 , 33 Ka1s3. Sus3r. &c
[L=18916] no division Gaut.
[L=18917] undivided inheritance L.

(H2C) a-vibhāgena [L=18918] ind. instr. without distinction , in the same way Pa1n2. 1-2 , 33 Sch.

(H3) a-vibhāga--vid [L=18919] mfn. not knowing the distinction between or the classification of (gen.) MBh. viii , 3455.

(H2) a-viveka [p= 110,1] [L=19018] m. absence of judgement or discrimination Pan5cat. Katha1s.
[L=19019] non-separation , non-distinction Kap.

(H1) a-viśeṣa [L=19037] m. non-distinction , non-difference , uniformity Kap.
(H1B) a-viśeṣa [L=19038] mfn.without difference , uniform BhP. Kap. &c
(H1B) a-viśeṣa [L=19039] n. pl. (in sāṃkhya phil.) N. of the (five) elementary substances (cf. tan-mātra)
[L=19041] not differently , equally Comm. on Nya1yad.

(H1C) a-viśeṣāt [L=19040] ind. or in comp. aviśṣa- ([e.g. aviśeṣa-śruteṣ , aviseṣo*padeśāt Ka1tyS3r. ]) without a special distinction or difference Ka1tyS3r. Jaim. Gaut. S3ulb.

(H1C) a-viśeṣeṇa [L=19042] ind. without a special distinction or difference A1p. Comm. on Ya1jn5. &c =

(H2) upa-lakṣa [p= 205,3] [L=35627] m. distinction , distinguishing (» dur-upa°).

(H1) kartá [p= 257,3] [L=45075] m. ( √1. kṛt ; a more recent form is 2. gárta) , a hole , cavity RV. AV. iv , 12 , 7 AitBr. &c
[L=45076] separation , distinction BhP.
(H2) karta [p= 1324,1] [L=326890] (also) a spindle (?), Ma1nGr2. (v.l.).

(H3) jāti--tā [p= 418,1] [L=78680] f. distinction of caste W.
[L=78681] generic property W.

(H3) jāti--lakṣaṇa [L=78707] n. generic or specific distinction , characteristic W.
[L=78708] mark of tribe or caste W.

(H3) jñānā* gni [p= 426,2] [L=80471] m. " knowledge-fire " , distinction between good and bad GarbhUp.

(H2) tilaka [p= 448,2] [L=85306] m. (g. sthūlā*di) Clerodendrum phlomoides (Symplocos racemosa L. ) MBh. &c
[L=85307] a freckle (compared to a sesamum-seed) VarBr2S. l , 9 ; lii , 10 Katha1s.
[L=85309] a kind of skin-eruption L.
[L=85310] (in music) N. of a dhruvaka
[L=85311] a kind of horse L.
[L=85312] N. of a prince of kampanā Ra1jat. viii , 577 ff
(H2B) tilaka [L=85313] m. (n. Pan5cad. ii , 57) a mark on the forehead (made with coloured earths , sandal-wood , or unguents , either as an ornament or a sectarial distinction) Ya1jn5. i , 293 MBh. iii , 11591 R. (ifc. f(ā). , iii) &c
(H2B) tilaka [L=85314] m. the ornament of anything (in comp.) Pan5cat. i , 1 , 92 Katha1s. &c (ifc. f(ā). Ra1jat. iii , 375)
(H2B) tilaka [L=85315] n. id. L.
(H2B) tilaka [L=85316] n. the right lung L.
(H2B) tilaka [L=85317] n. black sochal salt L.
(H2B) tilaka [L=85318] n. alliteration Ra1jat.
(H2B) tilaka [L=85319] n. a metre of 4 x 6 syllables
(H2B) tilaka [L=85320] n. = tri-ślokī L.
(H2B) tilaka [L=85321] n. a kind of observance Ka1lanirn2. Introd. 12

(H4) trí--gu° ṇā-karṇa [p= 458,2] [L=87675] mfn. whose ear-lobes are slit into 3 divisions (as a mark of distinction) Pa1n2. 6-3 , 115 Ka1s3.

(H3) nir--viśeṣa [p= 542,2] [L=107329] mf(ā)n. showing or making no difference , undiscriminating , without distinction MBh. R. &c
[L=107330] not different from , same , like (comp.) Ka1lid.
(H3B) nir--viśeṣa [L=107331] m. (with viśeṣa m. not the least difference Bhartr2. iii , 54)
[L=107332] unqualified , absolute Sarvad.
(H3B) nir--viśeṣa [L=107334] n. absence of difference , indiscriminateness , likeness MBh. vi , 5519

(H3) niṣ--prakāraka [p= 543,2] [L=107577] mfn. without distinction or specification Tarkas.

(H3) pakṣá--bheda [p= 574,1] [L=113160] m. distinction between two sides of an argument
[L=113161] the difference between the two halves of a lunar month MW.

(H3) páry-° āpti [p= 608,1] [L=119808] f. (páry-) end , conclusion S3Br.
[L=119808.1] entireness , fulness , sufficiency MBh. Katha1s. Ra1jat. (cf. Pa1n2. 3-4 , 66)
[L=119808.2] adequacy , competency , fitness for (comp.) Katha1s. Ka1s3. on Pa1n2. 2-3 , 16
[L=119808.3] obtaining , acquisition L.
[L=119808.4] self-defence , warding off a blow L.
[L=119808.5] (in phil.) distinction of objects according to their natural properties W.

(H3) purás--kāra [p= 634,2] [L=125908] m. placing in front , honouring , preference , distinction Ka1v. Hit.
[L=125909] accompanying , attending (ifc. " preceded or accompanied by , joined or connected with , including ") MBh.
[L=125910] arranging , putting in array , making complete W.
[L=125911] attacking , assailing &c ib.

(H3) pūjā--vat [p= 641,2] [L=127403] mfn. enjoying honour or distinction S3am2k.

(H3) pra-° vicāra [p= 691,3] [L=136963] m. distinction , division , species , kind Sus3r.

(H1) bhága [p= 742,3] [L=147581] » [p= 743,2].
(H2) bhága [p= 743,2] [L=147751] m. (ifc. f(ā and ī). g. bahv-ādi) " dispenser " , gracious lord , patron (applied to gods , esp. to savitṛ) RV. AV.
[p= 743,3] [L=147752] N. of an āditya (bestowing wealth and presiding over love and marriage , brother of the Dawn , regent of the nakṣatra uttara-phalgunī ; yāska enumerates him among the divinities of the highest sphere ; according to a later legend his eyes were destroyed by rudra) ib. &c
[L=147753] the nakṣatra uttara-phalgunī MBh. vi , 81
[L=147754] the sun ib. iii , 146
[L=147755] the moon L.
[L=147756] N. of a rudra MBh.
[L=147757] good fortune , happiness , welfare , prosperity RV. AV. Br. Ya1jn5. BhP.
[L=147758] (ifc. f(ā). ) dignity , majesty , distinction , excellence , beauty , loveliness RV. AV. Br. Gr2S. BhP.
[L=147759] (also n. L. ) love , affection , sexual passion , amorous pleasure , dalliance RV. AV. Br. Ka1tyS3r. BhP.
[L=147760] (n. L. ; ifc. f(ā).) the female organs , pudendum muliebre , vulva Mn. MBh. &c
(H2B) bhága [L=147762] n. a partic. muhūrta Cat.
(H2B) bhága [L=147763] n. the perinaeum of males L.
(H2B) bhága [L=147764] mn. = yatna , prayatna , kīrti , yaśas , vairāgya , icchā , jñāna , mukti , mokṣa , dharma , śrī L. [cf. Zd. bagha = Old Pers. baga ; Gk. Βαγαῖος ;Slav. bogu8 , bogatu8 ; Lith. bago4tas , na-ba4gas.] ,

Westergaard Dhatupatha links: 19.2
Whitney Roots links: Bid
(H1) bhid 1 [p= 757,1] [L=150727]
cl.7.P. A1. ( Dha1tup. xix , 2) bhinátti , bhintte (impf. 2. 3. sg. ábhinat RV. ; Subj. bhináadaḥ ib. ; Impv. bindhí ib. ; binddhi Var. [cf. binddhi-lavaṇā] ; cl.1. P. bhédati RV. ; Pot. bhideyam AV. ; pf. bibhéda RV. ; aor. , 2. 3. sg. bhét RV. abhaitsīt R. ; bhitthās TS. ; Prec. bhitsīṣṭa Gr. ; fut. bhetsyáti , °te Br. &c ; Cond. abhetsyat Up. ; fut. bhettā Gr. ; inf. bhéttavaí S3Br. ; bhettum ib. &c ; ind.p. bhittvā́ , -bhidya RV. &c ) , to split , cleave , break , cut or rend asunder , pierce , destroy RV. &c , ;

to pass through (as a planet or , comet) Hariv. Var. ;

to disperse (darkness) R. S3ak. ;

to transgress , violate , (a compact or alliance) MBh. Ka1v. &c ;

to open , expand MaitrUp. Megh. ;

to loosen , disentangle , dissolve MBh. Ka1v. &c ;

to disturb , interrupt , stop ib. ;

to disclose , betray Mn. MBh. &c ;

to disunite , set at variance ib. ;

to distinguish , discriminate L. : Pass. bhidyáte (ep. also °ti aor. abhedi Br. MBh. &c ; pf. bibhide Ka1lid. ) , to be split or broken , burst (intrans.) Br. &c ;

to be opened (as a closed hand , eyes &c ) Ka1v. Pur. ;

to overflow (as water) R. Hariv. ;

to be loosened , become loose Mun2d2Up. Ka1v. ;

to be stopped or interrupted MBh. ;

to be disclosed or betrayed Ka1v. ;

to be changed or altered (in mind) , be won over Ka1v. Pur. ;

to be disunited MBh. ;

to keep aloof from (instr.) ib. ;

to be distinguished , differ from (abl.) Sa1m2khyak. Ka1v. &c : Caus. bhedayati , °te (aor. abībhidat ; cf. also bhidāpana) , to cause to split or break &c ;

to split , break , shatter , crush , destroy MBh. Hariv. Hit. ;

to separate , divide (» bhedita) ;

to disunite , set at variance , perplex , unsettle (in opinion) , seduce , win over MBh. R. : Desid. bíbhitsati , °te , to wish to break through or disperse or defeat RV. MBh. (cf. , bibhitsā): Desid. of Caus. » bibhedayiṣu: Intens. bebhidīti or bebhetti , to cleave repeatedly Bhat2t2. [cf. Lat. findo ; Germ. beissen ; Eng. bite.]

(H2) bhíd 2 [L=150748] mfn. (ifc.) breaking , splitting , piercing , destroying Ka1v. Katha1s. Pur. (cf. aśma- , giri- , tamo- , pura-bhid &c )
(H2B) bhíd 2 [L=150749] f. a wall (= bhitti) RV. i , 174 , 8
(H2B) bhíd 2 [L=150750] f. separation , distinction BhP.
(H2B) bhíd 2 [L=150751] f. a sort , kind , species L.

(H2) bhidā [L=150754] f. splitting , bursting , destroying , destruction Ka1v. (cf. dur-bhida)
[L=150755] separation (» -bhṛt)
[L=150756] distinction , difference Ka1v. BhP.
[L=150757] a kind or species. Sa1h.
[L=150758] coriander L.

(H2) bheda [p= 757,2] [L=150901] &c » p.766.
(H1) bhedá [p= 766,1] [L=152791] m. ( √ bhid) breaking , splitting , cleaving , rending , tearing , piercing (also pass. the being broken &c ) Ka1tyS3r. Ya1jn5. MBh. Ka1v. &c
[L=152792] breaking open , disclosing , divulging , betrayal (of a secret cf. rahasya-bh°)
[L=152793] bursting asunder , opening , gaping , parting asunder BhP. Sus3r.
[L=152794] bursting forth or out , expanding , blossoming , shooting out , sprouting Ka1lid. Ba1lar.
[L=152795] a cleft , fissure , chasm (cf. śilā-bh° ; du. pudendum muliebre) RV.
[L=152796] rupture , breach , hurt , injury , seduction Ka1m. MBh. Katha1s.
[L=152797] shooting pain (in the limbs) , paralysis (cf. ardhabh°) Sus3r.
[L=152798] separation , division , partition , part , portion Ka1v. Pur.
[L=152799] distinction , difference , kind , sort , species , variety S3rS. Up. MBh. &c
[L=152800] disturbance , interruption , violation , dissolution RPra1t. Ka1tyS3r. Sa1h.
[L=152801] disuniting , winning over to one's side by sowing dissension (cf. upā*ya) Mn. Ya1jn5. Ka1m.
[L=152802] disunion , schism , dissension between (instr.) or in (comp.) MBh. Var. Ra1jat.
[L=152803] change , alteration , modification MBh. S3ak.
[p= 766,2] [L=152804] contraction (cf. bhrūbh°)
[L=152805] evacuation (of the bowels) S3a1rn3gS.
[L=152806] (in astron.) a partic. crossing or conjunction of the planets
[L=152807] one of the ways in which an eclipse ends (cf. kukṣi-bh°)
[L=152808] (in math.) the hypothenuse of a right-angled triangle
[L=152809] (in dram.) = saṃhati-bhedana , or = pro*tsāhana , Sa1h2. ??
[L=152810] (in phil.) dualism , duality (cf. comp.)
[L=152811] N. of a man AV.
[L=152812] pl. N. of a people RV.

(H3) bhedá--buddhi [L=152831] f. perception or idea of a difference or distinction MW.

(H2) bhedin [L=152870] mfn. breaking , splitting , piercing , perforating MBh. Ka1v. &c
[L=152871] beating or knocking out (» dvi-netra-bh°)
[L=152872] shaking , penetrating R.
[L=152873] causing to flow (as juice) MBh.
[L=152874] loosening (the bowels) , cathartic , purgative Sus3r. S3a1rn3gS.
[L=152875] breaking , violating (an agreement &c ) Mn. Ka1m.
[L=152876] interrupting (devotion) Ragh.
[L=152877] disturbing (a country) Katha1s.
[L=152878] dividing , separating from (abl.) Sa1h.
[L=152879] (fr. bheda) having a distinction or division ib.
[L=152880] (in phil.) one who separates spirit and matter or holds the doctrine of dualism
(H2B) bhedin [L=152881] m. Rumex Vesicarius L.

(H3) várṇa--viveka [p= 924,3] [L=187403] m. distinction of sounds , N. of a treatise on the different spelling of nouns.

(H1) ví 1 [p= 949,3] [L=192825] m. (nom. vís or vés acc. vím gen. abl. vés ; pl. nom. acc. váyas [acc. vīn Bhat2t2. ] ; víbhis,víbhyas,vīnā́m) a bird (also applied to horses , arrows , and the maruts) RV. VS. Pan5cavBr , (also occurring in later language).[cf. 1. váyas ; Gk. οἰωνός for ὀϝιωνος ; Lat. a-vis ; accord. tosome Germ. Ei ; Angl.Sax. ae4g ; Eng. egg. ]
(H1) vi 2 [L=192831] n. an artificial word said to be = anna S3Br.
(H1) ví 3 [L=192832] ind. (prob. for an original dvi , meaning " in two parts " ; and opp. to sam q.v.) apart , asunder , in different directions , to and fro , about , away , away from , off , without RV. &c &c In RV. it appears also as a prep. with acc. denoting " through " or " between " (with ellipse of the verb e.g. i , 181 , 5 ; x , 86 , 20 &c ) It is esp. used as a prefix to verbs or nouns and other parts of speech derived from verbs , to express " division " , " distinction " , " distribution " , " arrangement " , " order " , " opposition " , or " deliberation " (cf. vi- √bhid , -śiṣ , -dhā , -rudh , -car , with their nominal derivatives)
[L=192832.1] sometimes it gives a meaning opposite to the idea contained in the simple root (e.g. √ krī , " to buy " ; vi- √krī , " to sell ") , or it intensifies that idea (e.g. √ hiṃs , " to injure " ; vi- √hiṃs , " to injure severely ") . The above 3. ví may also be used in forming compounds not immediately referable to verbs , in which cases it may express " difference " (cf. 1. vi-lakṣaṇa) , " change " or " variety " (cf. vi-citra) , " intensity " (cf. vi-karāla) , " manifoldness " (cf. vi-vidha) , " contrariety " (cf. vi-loma) , " deviation from right " (cf. vi-śīla) , " negation " or " privation " (cf. vi-kaccha , being often used like 3. a,nir ,andnis [qq. vv.] , and like the Lat. dis , se , and the English a , dis , in , un &c )
[L=192832.2] in some cases it does not seem to modify the meaning of the simple word at all (cf. vi-jāmi , vi-jāmātṛ)
[L=192832.3] it is also used to form proper names out of other proper names (e.g. vi-koka , vi-pṛthu , vi-viṃśa). To save space such words are here mostly collected under one article
[L=192832.4] but words having several subordinate compounds will be found s.v.

(H3) ví--cchāya 1 [L=192827] n. (for 2. » [p= 950,2]) the shadow of a flock of birds L. (also f(ā). BhP. )
(H3) ví--cchāya 2 [p= 950,2] [L=193008] mf(ā)n. (for 1. » 1. vi , p.949) destitute of shadow , shadowless MW.
[L=193009] lacking colour or lustre or distinction , pale (-tā f.) Ka1v. Katha1s. BhP.
(H3B) ví--cchāya 2 [L=193010] m. a jewel , gem L.
(H1) vi-cchāya [p= 959,2] [L=194916] 1. 2. » pp. 949 , 950.

(H3) ví--kalpa 1 [p= 950,1] [L=192887] m. (for 2. » under vi- √kḷp) an intermediate kalpa , the interval between two kalpas. (q.v.) BhP.
(H1) vi-kalpa [p= 954,1] [L=193870] &c » under vi- √kḷp.
(H2) vi-kalpa 2 [p= 955,2] [L=194108] m. (for 1. » [p= 950,1]) alternation , alternative , option S3rS. Mn. VarBr2S. &c (°pena ind. " optionally ")
[L=194109] variation , combination , variety , diversity , manifoldness Ka1tyS3r. MBh. &c
[L=194110] contrivance , art Ragh.
[L=194111] difference of perception , distinction Nya1yas. BhP.
[L=194112] indecision , irresolution , doubt , hesitation MBh. Ka1v. &c
[L=194113] admission , statement BhP.
[L=194114] false notion , fancy , imagination Yogas. Gi1t.
[L=194115] calculation VarBr2S.
[L=194116] mental occupation , thinking L.
[L=194117] = kalpa-sthāna Car.
[L=194118] a god BhP. (Sch.)
[L=194119] (in rhet.) antithesis of opposites Prata1p.
[L=194120] (in gram.) admission of an option or alternative , the allowing a rule to be observed or not at pleasure (ve*ti vikalpaḥ Pa1n2. 1-1 , 44 Sch.)
[L=194121] a collateral form VarBr2S.
[L=194122] pl. N. of a people MBh. (C. vikalya)
(H2B) vi-kalpa 2 [L=194123] mfn. different BhP.

(H3) vi-° kalpana [L=194135] m. a contriver , composer Cat.
(H3B) vi-° kalpana [L=194136] n. and f(ā). allowing an option or alternative Pan5car. Ka1r. on Pa1n2.
(H3B) vi-° kalpana [L=194137] n. the use of a collateral form VarBr2S. Sch.
(H3B) vi-° kalpana [L=194138] n. distinction (pl. = different opinions) Sarvad.
(H3B) vi-° kalpana [L=194139] n. false notion or assumption , fancy , imagination BhP.
(H3B) vi-° kalpana [L=194140] n. indecision MW.
(H3B) vi-° kalpana [L=194141] n. inconsideration ib.

(H3B) vi-° cāraṇā [p= 958,3] [L=194748] f. distinction , kind Car.
(H3B) vi-° cāraṇā [L=194749] f. N. of the mīmāṃsā system of philosophy W.

(H2) vi-ccheda [p= 959,3] [L=194930] m. cutting asunder , cleaving , piercing , breaking , division , separation Ka1v. Sa1h.
[L=194931] interruption , discontinuance , cessation , end MBh. Ka1v. &c
[L=194932] removal , destruction Ra1jat. Katha1s.
[L=194933] (ifc.) injury to Ka1m.
[L=194934] distinction , difference (ifc. also " variety " i.e. different kinds of) MBh. S3am2k. Sarvad.
[L=194935] division of a book , section , chapter W.
[L=194936] space , interval ib.
[L=194937] caesura , pause in a verse Pin3g. Sch.

(H2) ví-bhakti [p= 977,2] [L=198197] f. separation , partition , division , distinction , modification Br. Mn. MBh.
[L=198198] part , portion , share of inheritance &c W.
[L=198199] (in gram.) inflection of nouns , declension , an affix of declension , case (accord. to Pa1n2. " a termination or inflection either of a case or of the persons of a tense " ; certain taddhita affixes which are used like case terminations have also the name vi-bhakti ; in the yājyā formulas esp. the cases of agni are so called) TS. Br. &c
[L=198200] a partic. division of a sāman (= bhakti) S3a1n3khBr. Sch.
[L=198201] a partic. high number Buddh.

(H3) vi-° bhajana [L=198208] n. separation , distinction L.

(H2) vi-bhāgá [L=198213] m. distribution , apportionment RV. AitBr.
[L=198214] partition of patrimony , law of inheritance (one of the 18 titles or branches of law) Mn. Ya1jn5. &c (cf. IW. 261)
[L=198215] a share , portion , section , constituent part of anything Ya1jn5. MBh. &c
[L=198216] division , separation , distinction , difference Nir. Gr2S3rS. &c (ena , separately , singly , in detail ; cf. also yoga-v°)
[L=198217] disjunction (opp. to saṃ-yoga and regarded in nyāya as one of the 24 guṇas) IW. 68
[L=198218] (in arithm.) the numerator of a fraction Col.
[L=198219] N. of śiva R.

(H3) vi-bhāgá---tva [L=198223] n. state of separation or distinction Sarvad.

(H3) vi-° bhājana [p= 977,3] [L=198242] n. division , distinction L.
[L=198243] the act of causing to share or distribute , participation MW.

(H2) vi-bheda [p= 978,1] [L=198352] m. breaking asunder , splitting , piercing , division , separation MBh. R. &c
[L=198353] knitting , contraction (of the brows) Sa1h.
[L=198354] interruption , disturbance Ba1lar.
[L=198355] change , alteration Car.
[L=198356] diverging (in opinion) , dissension , disagreeing with (samam) MBh. Ka1v. &c
[L=198357] distinction , variety VarBr2S. Katha1s. BhP.

(H3) vi-vikta---tā [p= 987,3] [L=200122] f. separation , isolation Ra1jat.
(H3) vi-vikta---tā [L=200123] f. clearness , purity Sus3r.
[L=200124] being well , good health ib.
[L=200125] distinction , discrimination L.
[L=200126] an empty or free place , loneliness MW.

(H2) vi-veka [L=200139] m. discrimination , distinction Mn. Sarvad. Sus3r.
[L=200140] consideration , discussion , investigation Gi1t. Ma1rkP. Sarvad.
[L=200141] true knowledge , discretion , right judgement , the faculty of distinguishing and classifying things according to their real properties ChUp. Kap. &c
[L=200142] (in vedā*nta) the power of separating the invisible Spirit from the visible world (or spirit from matter , truth from untruth , reality from mere semblance or illusion)
[p= 988,1] [L=200143] a water trough (= jala-droṇī) L.
[L=200144] N. of wk.
(H1) vi-veka [p= 989,1] [L=200360] &c » under vi- √vic.

(H3) vi-° vecana [p= 988,1] [L=200188] mf(ī)n. discriminating , distinguishing BhP.
[L=200189] investigating , examining , treating critically Sa1h.
(H3B) vi-° vecana [L=200190] n. the act of discriminating or distinguishing (as truth from falsehood , reality from semblance) , the making a distinction Hariv. Ba1lar. Sarvad. (also f(ā).)
(H3B) vi-° vecana [L=200191] n. investigation , examination , discussion , critical treatment Mn. MBh. &c
(H3B) vi-° vecana [L=200192] n. right judgement Pan5car.

(H3) viśālá--tā [p= 990,1] [L=200531] f. great extent , greatness S3is3.
[L=200531.1] eminence , distinction W.

(H3) vi-śiṣṭa---tā [p= 990,2] [L=200591] f. ( Hit. ) difference , speciality , peculiarity , distinction , excellence , superiority

(H3) vi-śiṣṭa---tva [L=200591.1] n. ( S3am2k. Veda7ntas. ) difference , speciality , peculiarity , distinction , excellence , superiority

(H2) vi-śeṣa [L=200604] m. (once in Pan5cat. n. ; ifc. f(ā).) distinction , difference between (two gen. , two loc. , or gen. and instr.) Gr2S3rS. MBh. &c
[L=200605] characteristic difference , peculiar mark , special property , speciality , peculiarity Mn. MBh. &c
[L=200606] a kind , species , individual (e.g. vṛkṣa-v° , a species of tree , in comp. often also = special , peculiar , particular , different , e.g. chando-v° , " a particular metre " , viśeṣa-maṇḍana , " a peculiar ornament " ; argha-viśeṣāḥ , " different prices ") MBh. Ka1v. &c
[L=200607] (pl.) various objects Megh.
[p= 990,3] [p= 990,2] [L=200608] distinction , peculiar merit , excellence , superiority (in comp. often = excellent , superior , choice , distinguished e.g. ākṛti-v° , " an excellent form " ; cf. viśeṣa-pratipatti) Mn. MBh. &c
[L=200609] (in gram.) a word which defines or limits the meaning of another word (cf. vi-śeṣaka and vi-śeṣaṇa)
[L=200610] (in phil.) particularity , individuality , essential difference or individual essence (with the vaiśeṣikas the 5th cate gory or padā*rtha , belonging to the 9 eternal substances or dravyas , viz. soul , time , place , ether , and the 5 atoms of earth , water , light , air , and mind , which are said to be so essentially different that one can never be the other) IW. 66 &c
[L=200611] (in medicine) a favourable turn or crisis of a sickness Sus3r.
[L=200612] (in rhet.) statement of difference or distinction , individualization , variation Kuval. (cf. viśeṣo*kti)
[L=200613] a sectarian mark , any mark on the forehead (= tilaka) L.
[L=200614] (in geom.) the hypotenuse S3ulbas.
[L=200615] N. of the primary elements or mahā-bhūtas (q.v.) MaitrUp.
[L=200616] the earth as an element BhP.
[L=200617] the mundane egg ib.
[L=200618] = virāj ib.
(H2B) vi-śeṣa [L=200620] mf(ā)n. extraordinary , abundant Ragh. ii , 14 (B. viśeṣāt for viśeṣā)
(H1) vi-śeṣa [p= 991,3] [L=200836] &c » [p= 990,2].

(H3) vi-śeṣa---kṛt [p= 990,3] [L=200622] mfn. making a distinction , distinguishing RPra1t.

(H3) vi-śeṣa---tva [L=200632] n. distinction , notion of the particular L.

(H3) vi-śe° ṣā* rtha [L=200675] m. the sense or essence of distinction , difference (am ind. for the sake of difference MW. )

(H3) vi-śe° ṣā* rthin [L=200677] mfn. seeking for excellence or distinction MBh.
[L=200678] particular in searching for anything MW.

(H2) vi-śeṣaka [p= 991,1] [L=200685] mfn. (ifc.) = vi-śeṣa , distinction , difference Bha1sha1p.
[L=200685.05] distinguishing , qualifying , specifying L.
(H2B) vi-śeṣaka [L=200685.1] mn. a mark on the forehead (made with sandal &c ) R. Ma1lav. Katha1s. (cf. pattrav°)
(H2B) vi-śeṣaka [L=200685.15] mn. an attribute , predicate W.
(H2B) vi-śeṣaka [L=200685.2] m. a partic. figure of speech (in which the difference of two objects otherwise said to be similar is dwelt upon ; cf. viśeṣo*kti) Kuval.
(H2B) vi-śeṣaka [L=200685.3] m. N. of a scholar Buddh.
(H2B) vi-śeṣaka [L=200685.4] m. of a country Nalac.
(H2B) vi-śeṣaka [L=200685.6] n. a series of three stanzas forming one grammatical sentence
(H2B) vi-śeṣaka [L=200685.65] n. (cf. yugma and kalāpaka) S3atr.

(H2) vi-śeṣaṇa [L=200686] mfn. distinguishing , discriminative , specifying , qualifying L.
[L=200687] distinctive (as a property) W.
(H2B) vi-śeṣaṇa [L=200688] n. the act of distinguishing &c , distinction , discrimination , particularization BhP. Sarvad. Sa1h.
(H2B) vi-śeṣaṇa [L=200689] n. a distinguishing mark or attribute MBh.
(H2B) vi-śeṣaṇa [L=200690] n. (in gram.) " differencer " , a word which particularizes or defines (another word which is called vi-śeṣya q.v.) , attribute , adjective , adverb , apposition , predicate Pa1n2. Tarkas. Sa1h. &c
(H2B) vi-śeṣaṇa [L=200691] n. a species , kind MBh. vii , 1124
(H2B) vi-śeṣaṇa [L=200692] n. surpassing , excelling ib. i , 73
(H2B) vi-śeṣaṇa [L=200693] n. (in rhet.) = viśeṣo*kti Sa1h.

(H1) vaiśiṣṭa [p= 1026,2] [L=207816] n. (fr. vi-śiṣṭa) distinction , difference (= next) Sa1h. (prob. w.r.)

(H2) vaiśiṣṭya [L=207817] n. endowment with some distinguishing property or attribute , distinction , peculiarity , difference Can2d2. Tarkas. Sa1h. &c
[L=207818] pre-eminence , excellence , superiority MBh. Ka1m. &c

(H1) vaiśeṣika [L=207822] mf(ī)n. (fr. vi-śeṣa , p.990) special , peculiar , specific , characteristic A1past. Sus3r. Bha1sha1p. Hcat.
[L=207823] distinguished , excellent , pre-eminent MBh.
[L=207824] relating or belonging to or based on or dealing with the vaiśeṣika doctrine Bha1sha1p. Madhus.
(H1B) vaiśeṣika [L=207825] m. a follower of the vaiśeṣika doctrine Kap. Kusum. Buddh.
(H1B) vaiśeṣika [L=207826] n. peculiarity , distinction Kan2.
(H1B) vaiśeṣika [p= 1026,3] [L=207827] n. N. of the later of the two great divisions of the nyāya school of philosophy (it was founded by kaṇā*da , and differs from the , " nyāya proper " founded by gautama , in propounding only seven categories or topics instead of sixteen ; and more especially in its doctrine of viśeṣa , or eternally distinct nature of the nine substances , air , fire , water , earth , mind , ether , time , space , and soul , of which the first five , including mind , are held to be atomic) IW. 65 &c

(H2) vaiśeṣya [L=207834] n. peculiarity , specific or generic distinction TPra1t. Sus3r. Veda7ntas.
[L=207835] difference , superiority , pre-eminence Mn. ix , 296 &c

(H3) vy--antara [p= 1028,3] [L=208228] n. (ifc. f(ā).)
[L=208229] absence of distinction Hariv.
[L=208230] an interval Gobh.
(H3B) vy--antara [L=208231] m. " occupying an intermediate position " , (with jainas) N. of a class of gods (including piśācas , bhūtas , yakṣas , rākṣasas , kiṃ-naras , kim-puruṣas , maho*ragas and gandharvas) S3atr. HParis3. Pan5cat. &c

(H3) vy-atirikta---tā [p= 1030,2] [L=208556] f. distinction , difference. ( BhP. )

(H3) vy-atirikta---tva [L=208556.1] n. distinction , difference. ( Sarvad. )

(H2) vy-atireka [L=208558] m. distinction , difference , separateness , separation , exclusion La1t2y. Ka1v. Pur. &c (bhāvo vyatireka-tas , a separate or particular existence ; vī*ta-vyatireka , not separate or particular ; °keṇa ind. or °kāt ind. [or vyatireka ibc.] , with exception of , without)
[L=208559] negation Kap.
[L=208560] contrariety , contrast to (comp.) Ka1m. (°ke ind. , on the contrary supposition)
[L=208561] logical discontinuance (opp. to anvaya q.v.) Bha1sha1p.
[L=208562] (in rhet.) a partic. figure of speech (the contrasting of things compared in some respects with each other) Ka1vya7d. Sa1h. &c ; N. of wk.

(H2) vy-avaccheda [p= 1033,1] [L=208957] m. cutting one's self off from , separation , interruption (» á-vy°)
[L=208957.1] exclusion Sa1h.
[L=208957.2] (ifc.) getting rid of. BhP.
[L=208957.3] distinction , discrimination Sa1h.
[L=208957.4] a division W.
[L=208957.5] letting fly (an arrow) R.

(H3) vy-avasthit° avasthiti [p= 1034,1] [L=209104] f. the being placed apart or kept asunder or distinguished , separation , distinction , difference Bhag. Nya1yam. Sarvad. staying , abiding , perseverance in (instr. or loc.) BhP.
[L=209105] constancy , steadfastness Katha1s.
[L=209106] fixity , fixed rule or statute , decision , determination Mn. Hariv. &c
[L=209107] extracting (?) W.

(H1) vy-ākaraṇa [p= 1035,3] [L=209406] &c » vy-ā- √kṛ.
(H2) vy-ākaraṇa [L=209444] n. separation , distinction , discrimination MBh.
[L=209445] explanation , detailed description ib. Sus3r.
[L=209446] manifestation , revelation MBh. Hariv.
[L=209447] (with Buddhists) prediction , prophecy (one of the nine divisions of scriptures Dharmas. 62) SaddhP. &c
[L=209448] development , creation S3am2k. BhP.
[L=209449] grammatical analysis , grammar Mun2d2Up. Pat. MBh. &c
[L=209450] grammatical correctness , polished or accurate language Subh.
[L=209451] the sound of a bow-string L.

(H3) vy-° ā́kṛti [L=209468] f. separation , distinction S3Br.
[L=209469] detailed description , explanation Sus3r.

(H1) vy-ā- √ vṛt [p= 1039,1] [L=210029]
A1. -vartate (rarely P.) , to become separated or singled out from (instr.) RV. AV. Br. ;

to become separated or distinct , be distinguished as or in some partic. form of. MaitrUp. ;

to turn or wind in different directions , divide (as a road) MBh. ;

to be dispersed (as an army) Hariv. ;

to be opened Sus3r. ;

to turn away from , part with , get rid of (instr. or abl.) Ragh. Katha1s. ;

to diverge from , be inconsistent with (abl.) Sarvad. ;

to go away , depart S3a1ntis3. ;

to come back , return Ratna7v. Ra1jat. ;

to turn round , revolve R. ;

to sink (as the sun) MBh. ;

to come to an understanding or settlement AitBr. ;

to come to an end , cease , perish , disappear MBh. Hariv. &c : Caus. -vartayati (Pass. -vartyate) , to divide , separate from (instr. or abl. ; ind.p. -vartya , " with the exception of " Ba1lar. ) . TBr. &c ;

to free from (instr.) MaitrS. ;

to turn about or round MBh. Ka1d. ;

to keep back , avert R. ;

to throw about , strew MBh. ;

to exchange , substitute one for another Hariv. ;

to lay aside (the staff) R. ;

(with anyathā) to retract (a word) MBh. ;

to remove (pain or distress) Vikr. ;

to destroy or annul (an enemy or a rule) Ragh. xv , 7 : Desid. -vivṛsate , to wish or intend to liberate one's self from or get rid of (abl.) S3Br.

(H2) vy-āvṛ́t [p= 1039,2] [L=210049] f. distinction , superiority , pre-eminence over (gen. or instr.) TS. TBr. Ka1t2h.
[L=210050] cessation TBr.

(H3) vy-° ā́vṛtti [L=210075] f. turning away , turning the back (» avyāvṛ°)
[L=210076] rolling (the eyes) Sus3r.
[L=210077] deliverance from , getting rid of (abl.) TS. S3a1ntis3.
[L=210078] being deprived of , separation or exclusion from S3am2k.
[L=210079] exclusion , rejection , removal Kum. Ka1vya7d. Sa1h. (cf. paraspara-vy°)
[L=210080] discrimination , distinction TS. S3Br.
[L=210081] distinctness (of sound or voice) Ka1t2h.
[L=210082] difference AitBr. Nya1yas. Sch.
[L=210083] cessation , end A1pS3r.
[L=210084] a kind of sacrifice S3Br.
[L=210085] screening (prob. for vy-āvṛti) ib.
[L=210086] praise , eulogium (?) ib.

(H3) śábda--bheda [p= 1053,1] [L=212743] m. " difference or distinction of sounds or words " , N. of a glossary

(H3) śrī--káraṇa [p= 1098,3] [L=222909] mfn. causing glory or distinction MaitrS.
[L=222910] " making the word śrī " , a pen L.
[L=222911] N. of the capital of the Northern kosalas (and residence of king prasena-jit ; it was in ruins when visited by Fa-Hian , not far from the modern Fyzabad) Buddh.

(H3) śrī--kāma [p= 1099,1] [L=222922] mfn. (śrī́) desirous of distinction or glory MaitrS. AitBr.

(H1) śre-mán [p= 1102,2] [L=223722] m. (fr. 2. śrī) distinction , superiority MaitrS. Br.

(H2) bhidā-kara [p= 1331,1] [L=337620] mfn. causing a distinction, Ka1vya7d.