sam-yama, holding together
The meanings of this word begin cheerfully and simply and quickly go to hell:
- holding together , restraint , control , (esp.) control of the senses , self-control
- tying up (the hair) Sa1h.
- binding , fettering VarBr2S.
- closing (of the eyes) Ma1rkP.
- concentration of mind (comprising the performance of dhāraṇā , dhyāna , and samādhi , or the last three stages in yoga) Yogas.
- effort , exertion (ā́ , " with great difficulty ") MBh.
- suppression i.e. destruction (of the world)
Look at the related word, sam-yam: to guide horses, senses, passions, to press close to. There is the image of the rider, pressing close to the horse, running across the land, the horse and rider joined in the ecstasy of movement.saṃyam
-yacchati √ (rarely A1.) , to hold together , hold in , hold fast , restrain , curb , suppress , control , govern , guide (horses , the senses , passions) RV. &c ;
|(H1) saṃ- √ yam [L=225626]||P.|
to tie up , bind together (hair or a garment) MBh. Ka1v. &c ;
to put together , heap up (A1. " for one's self ") Pa1n2. 1-3 , 75 Sch. ;
to shut up , close (a door) Bhag. ;
to press close to or against Sus3r. ;
to present with , give to (A1. with instr. of person , when the action is permitted P. with dat. , when the action is not permitted) Pa1n2. 1-3 , 35 : Caus. -yamayati (cf. -yamita) , to cause to restrain &c ;
to bind up (the hair) Ven2is.
having the senses or passions controlled ib.
|(H3) sáṃ-ya° te* ndriya [p= 1112,1] [L=225649]||mfn.|
under saṃ. √yam.
|(H2) saṃ-yatin [p= 1111,3] [L=225616]||»|
controlling , restraining (the senses) Ma1rkP. (prob. w.r. for saṃ-yamin below)
|(H2) saṃ-yatin [p= 1112,1] [L=225653]||mfn.|
holding together , restraint , control , (esp.) control of the senses , self-control Mn. MBh. &c
|(H2) saṃ-yama [L=225657]||m.|
|[L=225658]||tying up (the hair) |
|[L=225659]||binding , fettering |
|[L=225660]||closing (of the eyes) |
dhāraṇā , dhyāna , and samādhi , or the last three stages in yoga) Yogas. Sarvad.
|[L=225661]||concentration of mind (comprising the performance of |
ā́ , " with great difficulty ") MBh.
|[L=225662]||effort , exertion (|
i.e. destruction (of the world) Pur.
of a son of dhūmrākṣa (and father of kṛśā*śva) BhP.
-yunakti , -yuṅkte , to join or attach together , conjoin , connect , combine , unite RV. &c ;
|(H1) saṃ- √ yuj [p= 1112,2] [L=225727]||P. A1.|
to bind , fetter Vait. ;
to endow or furnish with (instr.) S3vetUp. MBh. &c ;
to form an alliance , league together RV. viii , 62 , 11 ;
to place in , fix on , direct towards (loc.) MBh. BhP. : Pass. -yujyate , to be joined together , be united &c ;
to meet or fall in with (instr.) Ragh. ;
to be married to (instr.) Mn. ix , 22 ;
(with ratyā , or grāmyadharmatayā) to have sexual intercourse Pras3nUp. S3am2k. on ChUp. ;
to be supplied or furnished with (instr.) MBh. R. &c : Caus. -yojayati , to cause to join together , bring together , unite MBh. Katha1s. Ma1rkP. ;
to put to (horses) , yoke , harness ib. ;
to hold together , check , control (the senses) MaitrUp. (v.l.) ;
to furnish or endow or present with (instr.) Ya1jn5. MBh. &c ;
to give over to , entrust with (gen. of pers. and acc. of thing) R. Pan5cat. ;
to add to (loc.) Su1ryas. ;
to fix on , direct towards (loc.) MaitrUp. MBh. BhP. ;
to shoot , discharge (a missile) MBh. ;
to equip (an army) ib. ;
to use , employ , appoint ib. ;
to institute , perform , accomplish Hariv. BhP. ;
(A1.) to be absorbed , meditate MBh. v , 7260.
joined together , united , connected , related MBh. BhP.
|(H2) saṃ-yuj [L=225747]||mfn.|
a relation S3is3.
|(H2B) saṃ-yuj [L=225748]||m.|
union , connection (= saṃ-yoga) BhP. Sch.
|(H2B) saṃ-yuj [L=225749]||f.|
conjoined , joined together , combined , united (pl. , " all together ") TS. &c
|(H2) sáṃ-yukta [p= 1112,2] [L=225728]||mfn.|
Pa1n2. 6-3 , 59 Sch.
|[L=225729]||conjunct (as consonants) |
= sambandhin) Pa1rGr2.
|[L=225730]||connected , related (|
instr.) Mn. ix , 23
|[L=225731]||married to (|
|[L=225732]||placed , put , fixed in (|
instr. or comp.) Mn. MBh. &c
|[L=225733]||accompanied or attended by , endowed or furnished with , full of (|
ifc.) connected with , relating to , concerning Ka1tyS3r. MBh. &c